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SCIENCE TRIVIA

on Geology & Geography
 
Spark discussion and debate before revealing the answers to our Trivia questions.
Can you get these all these trivia questions right?

 

Science Trivia on Geography & Geology

Geology Trivia

This trivia has been setup for use in your classroom ... can your students get them all?
 
1) Is Obsidian an igneous, sedimentary or metamorphic rock?
 
Igneous.

2) Which country has the longest coastline?
 
Canada, due to the number of northern islands.

3) Which crystalline formations are on cave ceilings; stalagmites or stalactites?​​​​​​​
  
Stalactites.

4) What formation on Earth can have the names tabular, blocky, wedge, dome, pinnacle, dry dock, growler or bergy bit?​​​​​​​
  
Icebergs

5) Is a Tsunami and a tidal wave the same thing?​​​​​​​
  
No. Tsunamis are caused by water displacement as a result of an undersea earthquake or a landslide. Tidal waves are caused by the moon & Sun's gravitational pull combined with prevailing winds and water currents.

6) What is the definition of dust?​​​​​​​
  
A particle small enough to be carried by air currents.

7) When was the first seismograph invented?​​​​​​​
  
Approximately A.D. 200 in China.

8) Are rubies and sapphires the same mineral?​​​​​​​
  
Yes! They're both forms of corundum (Al2O3), with small traces of iron in the mineral creating the red colour in rubies where as traces of titanium or chromium create the blue colour in a sapphire.

9) What is the most abundant element in the Earth's crust?
  
Oxygen at roughly 46.6%

10) Which element's addition to a diamond makes them turn blue?
  
Trace of Boron turns a diamond blue.

11) What is the name of the heat transport mechanism that cycles magma in the mantle?
  
Convection.

12) What type of plate boundary is found mostly found at ocean ridges?
  
Divergent plate boundaries.

13) What caused the rise of the Himalayan mountains
  
The convergence of the Indo-Australian plate with the Eurasian plate.

14) What is the name of the famous fault along California?
  
San Andreas fault, a transform plate boundary.

15) What is the original source of coal?
  
Decaying tree and vegetative material in boggy, anoxic environments

16) Does anyone 'own' Antarctica?
  
No, Antarctica is under a special agreement called the Antarctic Treaty (1959) whereby originally 12 countries who had scientists active on the continent agreed to diplomatic cooperation on land found below the latitude 60oS. As of 2016 there were 53 nations involved in the treaty.

17) True or false; the Great lakes hold more than 20% of the world's available fresh water?
  
True.

18) How are sedimentary rocks formed?
  
Deposition, compaction and solidification of sediments (eg. sand, silt and mud).

19) What is limestone formed by?
  
Crushed shells or coral.

20) What is the name of the scale that rates the hardness of rocks?
  
Moh's scale.

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