Rising water experiment | Fizzics Education

Rising water experiment

Rising water experiment

Follow FizzicsEd 150 Science Experiments:

  • A bowl
  • A candle
  • A clear glass cup that is taller than the candle 
  • Water
  • Playdough 
  • Matched
  • Adult supervision
Matches, a candle, play dough, a water bottle a glass and a plate on a desk
1

Using the playdough, fix the candle to the bowl so that it sits upright inside the bowl.

2

Pour some water into the bowl.

3

With the matches, light the candle.

4

Cover the candle with the glass cup. Watch what happens! If you want, you can add food colouring into the water to make the experiment more visible.

What is happening?

You created an area of low pressure!

When the experiment is run you can see tiny bubbles escaping under the glass which shows that the increased air pressure from the heated air as the candle burns. Once the candle runs out of oxygen, the candle burns out and the remaining air inside cools down. Cooling air contracts (see liquid nitrogen on a balloon!) which lowers the air pressure inside the cup. This created a pressure difference between the air inside the cup and air outside the cup. This pressure difference caused the high-pressure air outside the cup to push the water down into the plate… allowing the water to be pushed upwards into the inside of the cup towards the lower pressure air inside.

Variables to test

More on variables here

  • hot vs. cold water
  • Two candles vs. one candle
  • What happens when you use different liquids?

Learn more!

Comments

2 thoughts on “Rising water experiment

  1. Hi
    When I was at school 30 years ago the oxygen use causing the rise was taught. Since then, it is my understanding from lots of reading, that the reasons behind the rise are related more to temperature as described nicely by Steve Spangler below.

    A common misconception is that the consumption of oxygen by the flame in the container is a factor in the water rising. There may be a slight possibility that there would be a tiny rise in the water from the flame using up oxygen but it’s extremely small compared to the actual reason. Simply put, the water would rise imperceptibly at a steady rate as the oxygen were consumed. You likely saw the level rise almost all at once and pretty much after the flame went out.

    At first, the flame heats the air inside the container and this hot air expands quickly. Some of the expanding air escapes from under the vase where you might have seen some bubbles. When the flame fades and goes out, the air in the container cools and cooler air contracts or takes up less space. That contraction creates a weak vacuum – or lower pressure – in the container. Where’s the higher pressure? Right! It’s outside the container pressing down on the water in the dish. The outside air pushes water into the container until the pressure is equalized inside and outside the container. The water stops rising when that pressure equalization is reached.
    https://www.stevespanglerscience.com/lab/experiments/why-does-the-water-rise/

    1. Hi Angela,
      You’re right and great spot! It looks like this explanation missed the other half of the answer and it’s been updated now. Thanks for the heads up!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This website uses cookies to improve user experience. By using our website you consent to all cookies in accordance with our Cookie Policy.

{"cart_token":"","hash":"","cart_data":""}