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# Experiment TEMPLATE B

• 6 ice-cream sticks (paddle pop sticks)
• 3 thin rubber bands
• 2 wooden kebab sticks
• 2 plastic drinking straws
• 4 plastic cups
• Sticky tape (we used black insulation tape so you can see the joins more clearly)
• Scissors
• A sharp knife or metal screw (Adult use only)

### How to make a rubber band racer using easy to get materials

Easy to get materials to make this rubber band racer!

### Instructions

 Attached straw near the corner of the wooden stick square. Wooden square with straws and kebab sticks in place... see how the rubber band is able to attach easily?

Rubber band attachment to the rear kebab stick axle.
 45 Gently pull the rubber band forwards and over the cross you created on the front of your rubber band racer.

Rubber band attachment on the front of rubber band racer
 46 Get an adult to create a small hole in the center of each of the four plastic cups so that the kebab stick can only just pass through the base of each cup (make the hole fit tight). use the scissors to cut down each cup so that they looks like four small wheels. Attach the cup bases as shown below and add a rubber band around the outside to give the rear wheels some grip.

Kebab stick through the base of the plastic cup on on the rear axle.
 47 You’re done! You should be able to carefully pull back the rubber band racer and then let it go to watch it move forwards!

Completed rubber band racer, ready for action!

### Why does this work?

This science experiment applies multiple ideas in classical physics, all in one fun little STEM challenge!

1. Firstly by pulling back the rubber band racer you stretch the rubber band, there by storing energy (also known as potential energy).

2. When you let the rubber band racer go, the stored energy in the tension of the rubber band is released and is transferred to the rear axle (an application of the first law of thermodynamics... also known as the Law of Conservation of Energy whereby energy cannot be created or destroyed in an isolated system).

3. As the rear axle spins, the rear wheels grip the floor and push backwards which then sends the rubber band racer forwards! A classic way of demonstrating Newton’s 3rd Law of motion which states that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.

### Variables to try

• Try different floor surfaces... is carpet better than tiles for example?
• How far will the car travel if you pull it backwards set distances (is the relationship linear?).
• Does a different size rubber band make the rubber band racer go further?
• Can you create a different wooden stick arrangement to add another rubber band to the racer? Does this make a difference to the speed and final distance achieved?

### Science teaching stories, tips, thoughts & ideas for teachers

• Ideas for teaching creativity in STEM lessons
• Science for kids at the Royal Botanic Garden Sydney
• How to pick a great educational science toy
• Robo Wunderkind: early years robotics & blocks combined
• Fizzics wins NBN major grant to build education studio

### School Science Visits:

• Highly engaging & curriculum-linked
• Additional Teacher Support Resources
• Professional visits in-class or via video conference
• Both Primary School & High School science incursions
Call 1300 856 828 or use this form to discuss or make a show booking for your school!

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