Make a naked egg science experiments Fizzics Education


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Create a naked & bouncy egg

Create a naked & bouncy egg

Follow FizzicsEd 150 Science Experiments:

You Will Need:

  • One Egg
  • A 500mL bottle of clear white vinegar
  • One Drinking Glass
  • Be aware of egg vapour allergies in your class


Create a naked egg science experiment - materials needed
1 Create a naked egg science experiment - egg in a cup

Put the egg into the glass.

2 Create a naked egg science experiment - Create a naked egg science experiment - pouring vinegar over the egg

Pour vinegar into the glass until it completely covers the egg.

3 Egg dissolving in a cup half full of water

Have a look closely at the surface of the eggshell.  You should see it start to be covered in tiny bubbles.

4 Create a naked egg science experiment - Pour vinegar into the glass until it completely covers the egg.

Leave the glass, vinegar and egg overnight where it won’t be touched.

5 Create a naked egg science experiment - Put the egg into the glass.

After about 24 hours has passed, check the egg again. The shell will have started to dissolve.

6 Naked egg without a shell getting held

After a few days (up to a week if you have weaker vinegar), carefully take the egg out of the glass and feel it.  What does it feel like?

VERY carefully drop the egg into a table from about 5cm up. What does the egg do?

NB: If it doesn’t work the first time, change your vinegar and repeat with the same egg… you’ll get there!

7 Fizzics Education working with liquid nitrogen at MAAS for the Sydney Science Festival
8 Teacher showing how to do an experiment outside to a group of kids.

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– Help students learn how science really works

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9 A man pointing at bubbling dry ice beaker and measuring cylinder with coloured liquids inside

Want to dive into acid-base chemistry?

Get the 30-minute video + PDF + curriculum links for your class here!

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What's going on?

Eggshells are made of a compound called Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3).
This is the compound that keeps the egg strong and protects it from damage while the chick grows inside. Vinegar is an acid, more specifically acetic acid. Acids are chemicals which taste sour and have a lot of Hydrogen in them. Acids have a pH of less than 7.

When the vinegar comes into contact with the eggshell, a chemical reaction occurs. 
The acid splits up the CaCO3 into its two main parts: Calcium (Ca) and Carbonate (CO3).
The Calcium dissolves into the vinegar solution, much like sugar dissolving in a cup of tea.
It’s invisible in this state. The Carbonate gets released as Carbon Dioxide gas, which is what all those bubbles you saw were full of.

As the eggshell is broken up, dissolved and released, we get to see what’s underneath. 
We can see the egg white, still in a gooey liquid state, and the liquid yolk too. Perhaps the coolest thing though is the egg membrane that’s now holding the whole lot together. This membrane is always there, but we usually break it when we crack the eggshell. It’s strong enough to hold the egg together and even let it bounce from short heights, but will break if put under too much stress. This membrane forms on egg inside the hen, before the shell is made. It’s permeable (which means some chemicals can soak through it) and all the nutrients that are in the egg pass through it.

Light coming through egg without a shell

You can experiment with this membrane to see some really cool effects:

  • Putting the naked egg in a cup of water allows the water to soak into the egg, making it swell and grow!
  • Conversely, putting the naked egg in a cup of really salty water makes some of the water in the egg flow out into the cup, leaving the egg shrivelled.
  • Put the egg in a cup of water with food colouring.
    The colouring soaks into the egg. If you break the membrane you’ll see that it’s not just the membrane that’s gone coloured, but the egg white and yolk too!

Further information

Acid rain occurs when acidic chemicals in the atmosphere mix with water and turn the rain acidic, like our vinegar. In some parts of the world, this is so severe that birds are having trouble making eggshells. They drink the acidic rainwater, and the acid in their bodies dissolves the eggshells as they make them. Environmental issues like this can have far-reaching and unexpected consequences.

Variables to test

More on variables here

  • Try different concentrations of vinegar.
  • Do different types of eggs respond differently?
  • Try putting this experiment into the fridge. Does this slow or speed up the dissolving rate?

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